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Chengmai
CHéNGMàI COUNTY (postal : Tsingmai; simplified Chinese : 澄迈县; traditional Chinese : 澄邁縣; pinyin : _Chéngmài Xiàn_) is an administrative district in Hainan
Hainan
, China. It is one of four counties of Hainan. Its postal code is 571900. In 2002, its population was 490,800. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 2.1 Jinjiang Town * 3 Economy * 4 Demographics * 4.1 Longevity * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYThe first record of Chengmai County
Chengmai County
is in 110 BC, when it referred to as Guo County in one of Emperor Wu of Han 's records. The county acquired its current name under the Sui Dynasty reorganisation of 607. It was also recorded during the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
. GEOGRAPHYLocated in northwest Hainan
Hainan
, it is 56 km wide (east to west) and 70 km long (north to south)
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County-level City
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous co
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Countries Of The World
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , 2 observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below
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Provinces Of China
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------Autonomous cou
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Hainan
HAINAN is the smallest and southernmost province of the People\'s Republic of China , consisting of various islands in the South China Sea . HAINAN ISLAND, separated from Guangdong 's Leizhou Peninsula by the Qiongzhou Strait , is the largest island under PRC control (Taiwan , which is slightly larger, is also claimed but not controlled by the PRC) and makes up the majority of the province. The province has an area of 33,920 square kilometers (13,100 sq mi), with Hainan Island making up 32,900 square kilometers (12,700 sq mi) (97%) and the rest divided among two hundred islands scattered across three archipelagos. It was administered as part of Guangdong until 1988, when it became a separate province; around the same time, it was made the largest Special Economic Zone established by Deng Xiaoping as part of the Opening Up of China
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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China Standard Time
The TIME IN CHINA follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time ), despite China spanning five geographical time zones . The official national standard time is called _ Beijing Time_ (Chinese : 北京时间) domestically and _ China Standard Time_ (CST) internationally. Daylight saving time has not been observed since 1991. The special administrative regions (SARs) maintain their own time authorities, with standards called _ Hong Kong Time _ (香港時間) and _ Macau Standard Time_ (澳門標準時間). These have been equivalent to Beijing time since 1992. In addition, a second time standard is used in Xinjiang , two hours less than the Beijing Time (UTC+06:00 ), which is called _Ürümqi Time_ (乌鲁木齐时间) or _ Xinjiang Time_ (新疆时间)
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UTC+8
UTC+08:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +08:00. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-09T20:35:52+08:00. With an estimated population of 1.708 billion living within the time zone, roughly 24% of the world population, it is the most populous time zone in world, as well as a possible candidate for ASEAN Common Time . This time zone is used in all Chinese-speaking countries, giving international Chinese websites the same time. The southern-half of Vietnam ( Republic of Vietnam
Republic of Vietnam
) was formerly part of this time zone prior to the communist takeover of the South on April 30, 1975, making it 1 hour ahead of North Vietnam
North Vietnam
. After 1975, the whole country came under the North Vietnamese time zone, UTC+07:00
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Postal Romanization
POSTAL ROMANIZATION was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s. The system was in common use until the 1980s. For major cities and other places that already had widely accepted European names, traditional spellings were retained. With regard to other place names, the post office revised policy several times. Spellings given could reflect the local pronunciation, Nanjing pronunciation, or Beijing pronunciation. Although pronunciation-based arguments were made for each option, using postal romanization to determine any form of Chinese pronunciation was limited by the fact that the system dropped all dashes, diacritics, and apostrophes, to facilitate telegraphic transmission
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Simplified Chinese Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; _jiǎnhuàzì_) are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the _Table of General Standard Chinese Characters _ for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters , it is one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s in an attempt to increase literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore . Traditional Chinese characters are currently used in Hong Kong , Macau , and the Republic of China ( Taiwan )
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Traditional Chinese Characters
TRADITIONAL CHINESE CHARACTERS (traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese : 正体字/繁体字; Pinyin : Zhèngtǐzì/Fántĭzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan
Taiwan
, of Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
or in the Kangxi Dictionary
Kangxi Dictionary

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Pinyin
PINYIN, or HàNYǔ PīNYīN, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
in mainland China
China
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, Singapore
Singapore
, and Taiwan . It is often used to teach Standard Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters
Chinese characters
. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones . Pinyin
Pinyin
without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang
Zhou Youguang
, based on earlier forms of romanization of Chinese . It was published by the Chinese government
Chinese government
in 1958 and revised several times
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County (People's Republic Of China)
Provinces -------------------------Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special
Special
administrative regions Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------Autonomous prefectures -------------------------Leagues -------------------------Prefectures (abolishing) Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefect
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Emperor Wu Of Han
EMPEROR WU OF HAN (30 June 156 BC – 29 March 87 BC), born LIU CHE, courtesy name TONG, was the seventh emperor of the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
of China
China
, ruling from 141–87 BC. His reign lasted 54 years — a record not broken until the reign of the Kangxi Emperor more than 1,800 years later. His reign resulted in vast territorial expansion, development of a strong and centralized state resulting from his governmental re-organization, including his promotion of Confucian doctrines. In the field of historical social and cultural studies, Emperor Wu is known for his religious innovations and patronage of the poetic and musical arts, including development of the imperial Music Bureau into a prestigious entity. It was also during his reign that cultural contact with western Eurasia was greatly increased, directly or indirectly. Many new crops and other items were introduced to China during his reign
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Sui Dynasty
The SUI DYNASTY (Chinese : 隋朝; pinyin : _Suí cháo_) was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China
China
of pivotal significance. The Sui unified the Northern and Southern dynasties
Northern and Southern dynasties
and reinstalled the rule of ethnic Han Chinese
Han Chinese
in the entirety of China
China
proper , along with sinicization of former nomadic ethnic minorities (the Five Barbarians ) within its territory. It was succeeded by the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
, which largely inherited its foundation
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Ming Dynasty
The MING DYNASTY was the ruling dynasty of China
China
– then known as the EMPIRE OF THE GREAT MING – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol -led Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
. The Ming, described by Edwin O. Reischauer , John K. Fairbank and Albert M. Craig as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last imperial dynasty in China
China
ruled by ethnic Han Chinese . Although the primary capital of Beijing
Beijing
fell in 1644 to a rebellion led by Li Zicheng (who established the Shun dynasty , soon replaced by the Manchu -led Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
), regimes loyal to the Ming throne – collectively called the Southern Ming – survived until 1683
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