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Chéngmài County (postal: Tsingmai; simplified Chinese: 澄迈县; traditional Chinese: 澄邁縣; pinyin: Chéngmài Xiàn) is an administrative district in Hainan, China. It is one of four counties of Hainan. Its postal code is 571900. In 2002, its population was 490,800.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Jinjiang Town

3 Economy 4 Demographics

4.1 Longevity

5 Climate 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] The first record of Chengmai County
Chengmai County
is in 110 BC, when it referred to as Guo County in one of Emperor Wu of Han's records. The county acquired its current name under the Sui Dynasty
Sui Dynasty
reorganisation of 607. It was also recorded during the Ming Dynasty. Geography[edit] Located in northwest Hainan, it is 56 km wide (east to west) and 70 km long (north to south). It has a total land area of 2067.6 km². Climate-wise, it is tropical with ample sunshine and moderate rainfall all year round; on average, the county receives 2060.5 hours of sunshine and 1756 mm of rain each year. The average annual temperature is 23.7 °C.[3] With a total land area of 206,700 hectares, melons and other tropical crops are grown around the county. More than 20 rivers flow through the county, providing 17.4 billion m³ of water per year. Jinjiang Town[edit]

Jinjiang viewed from the south side of the Nandu River

The main settlement in the county is Jinjiang. It is located directly on the north side of the Nandu River
Nandu River
and essentially occupies the south face of a large hill. The old section is located by the river with newer buildings further up. The backside of the hill is currently under development with mostly high-rise apartments being built. Many government buildings are situated on the top of the hill. Near the centre of the hill, there is a large park. Economy[edit] The main industry is mining, with more than ten resources available within the county including quartz, stone, limestone, crystals, gold, silver, peat, zinc, aluminium, iron ore, kaolin, and manganese. Over 5 billion tonnes of quartz are still unmined in the county, with an average grade of 99.5% silicon. There are also nearly 11 million tonnes of limestone remaining in addition to crystal deposits 5.5 km long and 3 km wide and around 80,000,000 tonnes of kaolin.

Fish farms in Chengmai

Fishing
Fishing
also makes up a large part, with the county possessing 89.8 km of coastline. Apart from farm fishing, marine catches include mackerel, redfish, croaker fish, grouper, pomfret, tuna, squid, cuttlefish, lobster and shrimp, are fished in the harbour at Tu Beach. The diverse and populous fish are a result of a nutrient-rich sediment at the bottom of the harbour. Demographics[edit] The Han people account for 99.5% of the population of the county. Longevity[edit] The people of Chengmai County
Chengmai County
live to an average of 77.79 years. Among the population are 215 centenarians. The proportion of centenarians compared to the rest of the county's population, and the overall number, ranks highest of all cities and counties in China.[1][4] Of the total 565,000 people living in the county, 18,500 are more than 80 years old, 896 of which are couples.[1][4] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chengmai (1981−2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 34.0 (93.2) 37.9 (100.2) 40.4 (104.7) 39.6 (103.3) 41.1 (106) 39.4 (102.9) 38.6 (101.5) 38.2 (100.8) 36.8 (98.2) 34.3 (93.7) 35.9 (96.6) 32.0 (89.6) 41.1 (106)

Average high °C (°F) 23.0 (73.4) 24.1 (75.4) 28.0 (82.4) 31.3 (88.3) 32.8 (91) 33.6 (92.5) 34.0 (93.2) 33.2 (91.8) 31.4 (88.5) 29.4 (84.9) 26.5 (79.7) 23.2 (73.8) 29.21 (84.58)

Daily mean °C (°F) 17.9 (64.2) 19.1 (66.4) 22.2 (72) 25.6 (78.1) 27.3 (81.1) 28.3 (82.9) 28.5 (83.3) 27.9 (82.2) 26.6 (79.9) 24.8 (76.6) 21.6 (70.9) 18.3 (64.9) 24.01 (75.21)

Average low °C (°F) 14.6 (58.3) 15.9 (60.6) 18.6 (65.5) 21.8 (71.2) 23.6 (74.5) 24.6 (76.3) 24.6 (76.3) 24.6 (76.3) 23.6 (74.5) 21.8 (71.2) 18.4 (65.1) 14.9 (58.8) 20.58 (69.05)

Record low °C (°F) 3.7 (38.7) 5.6 (42.1) 6.0 (42.8) 14.1 (57.4) 16.2 (61.2) 19.7 (67.5) 21.5 (70.7) 21.3 (70.3) 18.2 (64.8) 12.7 (54.9) 8.3 (46.9) 2.0 (35.6) 2 (35.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.9 (0.705) 34.3 (1.35) 44.3 (1.744) 88.2 (3.472) 227.7 (8.965) 228.7 (9.004) 232.0 (9.134) 301.9 (11.886) 302.8 (11.921) 203.9 (8.028) 60.1 (2.366) 32.2 (1.268) 1,774 (69.843)

Average relative humidity (%) 86 87 84 83 84 84 83 86 88 87 86 85 85.3

Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

See also[edit]

List of administrative divisions of Hainan

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "In Hainan's Chengmai county, age is not a problem". Chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 3 October 2017.  ^ " Chengmai County
Chengmai County
official website". Chengmai County
Chengmai County
People's Government. 2002. Retrieved 2008-10-14.  ^ " Chengmai County
Chengmai County
official website". Chengmai County
Chengmai County
People's Government. 2001. Retrieved 2008-10-14.  ^ a b "Where longevity is longstanding". Chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 

References[edit]

CHGIS. "Other Historical Datasets". People.fas.harvard.edu. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chengmai.

Official website (Chinese)

v t e

Hainan
Hainan
topics

Haikou
Haikou
(capital)

General

History Historical and cultural sites Politics Economy

Geography

Islands of Hainan Dazhou Island Haidian Island Haitang Bay Sanya
Sanya
Bay Nandu River Wanquan River Songtao Reservoir Wuzhizhou Island Wuzhi Mountain Yangpu Peninsula Yongxing Island/Woody Island

Flora and fauna

Hainan
Hainan
yellow lantern chili Hainan
Hainan
gymnure Hainan
Hainan
partridge Hainan
Hainan
peacock-pheasant Hainan
Hainan
black crested gibbon Hainan
Hainan
hare

Media

Hainan
Hainan
TV Haikou
Haikou
TV Nanguo Metropolis Daily Hainan
Hainan
Daily

Transportation

Hainan
Hainan
Eastern Ring HSR Hainan
Hainan
Western Ring HSR Hainan
Hainan
Airlines Haikou
Haikou
Meilan International Airport Qionghai
Qionghai
Bo'ao Airport Sanya
Sanya
Phoenix International Airport Basuo
Basuo
Port Haikou
Haikou
New Port Haikou
Haikou
Xiuying Port Macun Port Port of Yangpu

Education

Haikou
Haikou
College of Economics Hainan
Hainan
Medical University Hainan
Hainan
Normal University Hainan
Hainan
University Qiongzhou University/ Hainan
Hainan
Tropical
Tropical
Ocean University Sanya
Sanya
University

Demographics

Hainanese Hui Miao Han Chinese Li (Hlai) Zhuang Utsul

Buildings and structures

Crown of Beauty Theatre Haikou
Haikou
Century Bridge Haikou
Haikou
Great Hall of the People Hainan
Hainan
Centre for the Performing Arts Hainan
Hainan
Exhibition & Convention Center Hainan
Hainan
Library

Cuisine

Hainan
Hainan
chicken rice Wenchang
Wenchang
chicken

Visitor attractions

Statue of Guanyin Hainan
Hainan
Museum Leiqiong/ Haikou
Haikou
Volcanic Cluster Global Geopark Luobi Cave Mission Hills Star Trophy Nanwan Monkey Island Nanshan Temple Phoenix Island Temple of the Five Lords Tianya Haijiao Yangpu Ancient Salt Field Yalong Bay

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Hainan
Hainan
Province

Haikou
Haikou
(capital)

Prefecture level

Prefecture-level cities

Haikou

Longhua District Meilan District Qiongshan District Xiuying District

Sanya

Jiyang District Tianya District Haitang District Yazhou District

Sansha

Sansha

Xisha District*

Yongxing Town (Yongxing Management Area) Qilianyu Management Area Yongle Archipelago Management Area

Nansha District*

(directly governed — no township-level divisions)

Zhongsha District*

(unincorporated)

* Not a formal administrative subdivision

Danzhou

v t e

Danzhou

Towns

Nada Heqing Nanfeng Dacheng Yaxing Lanyang Guangcun Mutang Haitou Eman Sandou

Yangpu EDZ

Wangwu Baimajing Zhonghe Paipu Dongcheng Xingzhou

County level

County-level cities

Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang

Counties

Ding'an Tunchang Chengmai Lingao

Autonomous counties

Baisha Changjiang Ledong Lingshui Baoting Qiongzhong

Township-level divisions of Hainan Politics of Hainan

Coordinates: 19°45′07″N 110°00′58″E / 19.752°N 110.016°E

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