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The Citadis is a family of low-floor trams (streetcars) and light rail vehicles built by Alstom. As of 2017[update], over 2,300 Citadis trams have been sold and 1,800 tramways are in revenue service throughout the world, with operations in all six inhabited continents.[1] An evolution of Alstom's earlier TFS vehicle, most Citadis vehicles are made in Alstom's factories in La Rochelle, Reichshoffen
Reichshoffen
and Valenciennes, France, and in Barcelona, Spain, and Annaba, Algeria.[2] Competitors to the Citadis urban tramway include Bombardier Flexity models ( Flexity
Flexity
Classic, Flexity
Flexity
Outlook and Flexity
Flexity
2); the Siemens Combino
Combino
and Avenio, CAF Urbos; AnsaldoBreda
AnsaldoBreda
Sirio; tramcars from Škoda Transportation
Škoda Transportation
and TMK 2200
TMK 2200
from Crotram. Competitors to the Citadis light-rail/tram-train vehicles include the Bombardier Flexity Swift, Flexity
Flexity
Link and Flexity
Flexity
Freedom; the Siemens S70/Avanto; and Kinki Sharyo
Kinki Sharyo
Low Floor LRVs.

Contents

1 Citadis types

1.1 Urban vehicles 1.2 Light-rail vehicles 1.3 Power supply

2 Ordered Citadis trams

2.1 Africa 2.2 Asia 2.3 North America 2.4 South America 2.5 Middle East 2.6 Europe 2.7 Oceania

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Citadis types[edit] The Citadis family includes both partial and fully low-floor trams and LRVs, in versions with three (20x), five (30x), seven (40x), and nine (50x) sections. It comprises the following standard variants: Urban vehicles[edit] Citadis X00:

Citadis 100 – three section, 70% low floor, originally designed and manufactured by Konstal in Chorzów
Chorzów
for the Polish market (Katowice, Gdańsk)

Citadis X01 (First generation):

Citadis 301 – three section, 70% low floor (Orléans)

Citadis 301 CIS – 100% low floor version with IPOMOS bogies on 1,524 mm (5 ft) gauge (Moscow, Saint-Petersburg[3]). Own Russian name according unifying system of rolling stock classification: 71-801.

Citadis 401 – five sections, 70% low floor ( Montpellier
Montpellier
and Dublin, some converted from 301s)

Citadis X02 (Second generation):

Citadis 202 – three section, 100% low floor (Melbourne)

Citadis 302 – five sections, 100% low floor (Algiers, Adelaide, Lyon, Bordeaux, Paris
Paris
T2, T7 and T8, Valenciennes, Rotterdam, Buenos Aires, Madrid, Melbourne, Nice, Murcia, Barcelona, Jerusalem, Le Havre and Nottingham)

Citadis 402 – seven sections, 100% low floor (Bordeaux, Dublin, Grenoble, Lyon, Paris
Paris
T3, Dubai, Rio de Janeiro, Oran, Constantine) Citadis 502 – nine sections, 100% low floor (Dublin)

Citadis X03 (Third generation):

Citadis 403 – seven sections, 100% low floor (Strasbourg)

Citadis X04 (Fourth generation):

Citadis 304 – 100% low floor, next generation design for Central and Eastern Europe (Istanbul)

Citadis X05 (Fifth generation):

Citadis 205 or Compact – three sections, 100% low floor (Aubagne, Avignon)[4] Citadis 305 - five sections, 100% low floor(Sydney, Caen, Kaohsiung) Citadis 405 – seven sections, 100% low floor ( Nice, Paris
Paris
line T9)

Light-rail vehicles[edit]

Regio-Citadis – three sections, 70% low floor LRV (Kassel, The Hague, Salzgitter) Citadis Dualis – four or five sections, 100% low-floor LRV (operated by the SNCF,[5] see below) Citadis Spirit
Citadis Spirit
– three or four sections, 100% low floor LRV designed for the North American market (Ottawa, Toronto)[6][7][8]

Power supply[edit] Like most trams, Citadis vehicles are usually powered by overhead electric wires collected by a pantograph, but the trams in several places do not use pantograph current collection entirely. The most popular solution is Alstom's proprietary ground-level power supply (APS, first used in Bordeaux
Bordeaux
and subsequently in Angers, Reims, Orleans, Tours, Dubai, Rio de Janeiro, and in the future, Sydney), consisting of a third rail which is only powered while it is completely covered by a tram so that there is no risk of a person or animal coming into contact with a live rail. On the networks in France and in Sydney, the trams switch to conventional overhead wires in outer areas,[9] but the Dubai
Dubai
vehicles are the first to employ APS for its entire passenger length (although they are still equipped with pantographs for use in the maintenance depot). Another option is to use on-board batteries to store electrical power, allowing brief periods of catenary-free operation without the need to install special infrastructure. The Citadis trams in Nice
Nice
operate off a set of nickel metallic hydride batteries in two large open spaces where overhead wires would be an eyesore.[10] This has since been superseded by a supercapacitor-based energy storage system (SRS)[11] which is in use in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
(alongside APS) and along a new line in Nice. The Regio-Citadis can also be built as a dual-voltage or electro-diesel vehicle with various configurations. Ordered Citadis trams[edit] Africa[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments

Algeria Algiers ( Algiers
Algiers
tramway)

402 101–141 41 2010

2.65

Algeria Constantine Constantine tramway

402 101–127 47 2010 43.9 2.65 of which 27 were manufactured in Barcelona
Barcelona
and 20 were assembled in Annaba, Algeria.[2]

Algeria Oran Oran
Oran
Tramway

302 101–130 30 2010 43.9 2.65

Algeria Ouargla Ouargla
Ouargla
tramway

402 101–123 23 2017 43.9 2.65

Algeria Mostaganem

402 101–130 30 2017 43.9 2.65

Algeria Sidi Bel Abbes

402 101–130 30 2016 43.9 2.65

Algeria Setif

402 101–130 47 2016 43.9 2.65

Algeria Batna

402 101–130 30 2016 43.9 2.65

Algeria Annaba

402 101–130 30 2017 43.9 2.65

Algeria Skikda

402 101–130 20 2018 43.9 2.65

Algeria Tébessa

402 101–130 20 2018 43.9 2.65

Morocco Casablanca ( Casablanca
Casablanca
Tramway

302

74 2012

2.65 Single ended - operate in service as back-to-back pairs. Semi permanently coupled.

Morocco Rabat-Salé ( Rabat-Salé
Rabat-Salé
tramway)

302 32 44 2010

2.65 19 double trams (back to back single ended pairs, semi permanently coupled), 6 single bidirectional trams

Tunisia Tunis

302 401–430 30 2007 32 - 64 in MU 2.4 Single ended - operate in service as back-to-back pairs.

Asia[edit]

Country City Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m or ft in) Width (m or ft in) Comments

Taiwan Kaoshiung
Kaoshiung
- Circular Line (KMRT) Citadis X05

15 2018 33.4 m or 109 ft 7 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8 3⁄8 in [12]

North America[edit] Main article: Citadis Spirit The main article provides vehicle and order descriptions.

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m or ft in) Width (m or ft in) Comments

Canada Ottawa
Ottawa
(Confederation Line)

Citadis Spirit

72 2018 48 m or 157 ft 5 3⁄4 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8 3⁄8 in Four-module vehicles

Canada Greater Toronto

Citadis Spirit

61 2021 48 m or 157 ft 5 3⁄4 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8 3⁄8 in Four-module vehicles

South America[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m or ft) Width (m or ft) Comments

Brazil Rio de Janeiro (VLT Carioca)

402 101-132 32[13] 2016 44 m or 144 ft 4 1⁄4 in[14] 2.650 m or 8 ft 8 3⁄8 in[14] With APS system

Brazil Belo Horizonte ( Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
Light RailVLT Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
Confins)

402

[15]

With APS system

Ecuador Cuenca[16]

302

14 2016

Middle East[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments

Israel Jerusalem

302

46 2009

2.65

United Arab Emirates Dubai

402 001-025 25 2013-2014

2,65 APS[17]

Qatar Lusail

302

2019

2,65 APS[18]

Europe[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers No. Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments

France Angers

302 1001-1017 17 2009 32.4 2.40

France Aubagne

Compact

8[4] 2014 22 2.40 First Citadis Compact ordered. Options for 10[4]

France Bordeaux

402 2201 - 2232 2301 - 2306 2501 - 2520 2801 - 2804 62 2002 2003 2005 2008 2011 43.9 2.40

France Bordeaux

302 2241 - 2246 2541 - 2546 12[19][20] 2002 2005 32.8 2.40

France Grenoble

402[21] 6001 - 6035, 6036 - 6050 49 2005, 2009 43 2.40

France Le Havre

302

22 2011–2012

2.40

France Le Mans

302 1001 - 1034 34 2007, 2011, 2014 32.0 2.40

France Lyon

302 0801 - 0847, 0848 - 0857, 0858 - 0870, 0871 - 0873 70 2000, 2006, 2009, 2010 32.4 2.40

France Lyon

402 0874 - 0885 12[22] 2012-2013 43.8 2.40 Replaces the Citadis 302 on the line 3 while the 302 are transferred on the other lines.

France Montpellier

301 2001–2028 30[23] 1999–2000 40.9 2.65 Extended to Citadis 401

France Montpellier

302 2031–2033, 2041–2064 27 2006–2007 32.5 2.65

France Montpellier

402

23

43 2.65

France Mulhouse

302 01 - 27 27 2005–2006 32.5 2.40 Two of these (04 and 05) were used in Argentina on the Tranvía del Este.

France Nice

302 01 - 20, 21 - 28 28 2006–2007, 2010 33 2.65 Trams from 14 to 28 are extended to 402

France Orléans

301 39 - 60 22[24] 2000 29.9 2.32

France Orléans

302 61 - 81 21[25] 2010–2011 32.3 2.40

France Paris

302 0401 - 0413, 0414 - 0426, 0427 - 0442, 0442 - 0460, 0461 - 0466 66 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2015 32.2 2.40 T2

France Paris

402 0301 - 0321, 0322 - 0346 46 2006, 2012 43.7 2.65 T3

France Paris

302 701-719 19[26] 2013 32 2.40 T7

France Paris

302 801-820 20[26] 2014 32 2.40 T8

France Paris

405[27]

22[28] 2019-2020 44 2.65 T9

France Reims

302 101 - 118 18[29][30] 2010 32.4 2.40

France Rouen

402

27 2011–2012 40-45 2.40 To replace the TFS[31] Used as a light rail.

France Strasbourg

403 2001–2041, 3001-? 41[32] 2005–2006, 2016-? 45.1 2.40

France Toulouse

302 5001-5025 24 2009–2010 32.4 2.40 Designed by Airbus

France Tours

402

21[33] 2012–2013 43 2.40 APS

France Valenciennes

302

33 2006 33 2.40

Germany Kassel

RegioCitadis 701 - 718 18 2004–2005 36.8 2.65

Germany Kassel

RegioCitadis 751 - 760 9 2004–2005 36.8 2.65 Hybrid with diesel engine

Ireland Dublin

301 3001 - 3026 26 2003–2004 40 2.40 Red line, in 2007 extended from 30 to 40 m

Ireland Dublin

401 4001 - 4014 14 2003–2004 40 2.40 Red line (transferred from green line 2010)

Ireland Dublin

402 5001 - 5026 26 2009 43 2.40 Green line

Netherlands The Hague

RegioCitadis 4001 - 4054, 4055 - 4072 72 2006, 2011 36.8 2.65

Netherlands Rotterdam

302 2001–2060 60 2003 31.6 2.40 Unidirectional[34]

Netherlands Rotterdam

302 2101–2153 53 2011 30 2.40 Unidirectional[34]

Poland Gdańsk

NGd99 1001–1004 4 1999 26.6 2.35 Marketed as the Konstal NGd99, based on 100 series

Poland Katowice

116Nd 800–816 17 2000 24 2.35

Russia Saint Petersburg

301 CIS (71-801 according to Russian unifying system of rolling stock classification) 8900-8902, 8907 4 2014 25.5 2.50 Single ended

Spain Barcelona

302

23 2004 32 2.65 Trambaix
Trambaix
network

Spain Barcelona

302

18 2007 32 2.65 Trambesòs
Trambesòs
network

Spain Jaén

302

5 2010 32 2.40

Spain Madrid

302

70 2007 32 2.40 One of those types are in use on the Lidingöbanan
Lidingöbanan
in Stockholm
Stockholm
for testing, and another was used in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
on the Tranvía del Este.

Spain Tenerife

302

20 2007 32.2 2.40

Spain Murcia

302

11 2011 32 2.40

Turkey Istanbul

X04 801-837 37 2009 28 2.65 Able to MU

UK Nottingham

402[35] 216 - 237 22[36] 2014

2.40 NET Citadis poster

Oceania[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments

Australia Adelaide

302[37] 201–209 9 2010, 2018 32 2.40 Surplus units purchased from Metro Ligero, Madrid
Madrid
in 2009 (6) and 2017 (3)[37][38][39]

Australia Melbourne

202[40] 3001–3036[41] 36[41] 2001–2002[41] 23.0[41] 2.65[41] Locally designated C-class.[41]

Australia Melbourne

302[42] 5103, 5106, 5111, 5113, 5123[43] 5[43] 2008–2009[43] 32.5[43] 2.65[43] Locally designated C2-class.[43] Leased from Mulhouse, France
France
in 2008, and later purchased by the Victorian government.[44]

Australia Sydney

X05[45]

30[45] 2019

2.65 for CBD and South East Light Rail[45]

See also[edit]

15 kV AC railway electrification Ground-level power supply
Ground-level power supply
used in Bordeaux Railway electrification system

References[edit]

^ Alstom
Alstom
(2017). "Citadis tramways". Alstom, Citadis web presentation.  ^ a b "CITAL inaugurates its assembly and maintenance site for Alstom Citadis trams in Annaba". Alstom.com. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015.  ^ http://transphoto.ru/list.php?serv=0&cid=2&mid=4350 Saint-Petersburg, 71-801 ( Alstom
Alstom
Citadis 301 CIS) vehicle list ^ a b c " Aubagne
Aubagne
orders Citadis Compact". Railway Gazette International. 7 October 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011.  ^ CITADIS Dualis Information Sheet ^ " Alstom
Alstom
launches North American light rail vehicle with Ottawa contract". Railway Gazette. 14 February 2013. Archived from the original on 6 September 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2015.  ^ " Alstom
Alstom
receives order for 61 Citadis Spirit
Citadis Spirit
light rail vehicles for Greater Toronto and Hamilton area". Alstom. 2017-05-12. Retrieved 2017-05-12. Alstom
Alstom
has been awarded a firm order for the supply of 61 Citadis Spirit
Citadis Spirit
light rail vehicles for the Greater Toronto and Hamilton area (GTHA) by Metrolinx, an agency of the Government of Ontario. The value of the contract is over €355 million (CA$529 million). The vehicle supply contract includes an option for additional vehicles.  ^ Ben Spurr (2017-05-11). "Metrolinx to buy vehicles from Bombardier competitor". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2017-05-12. According to sources familiar with the deal, Metrolinx has agreed to purchase 61 cars from French manufacturer Alstom
Alstom
as a backup plan if Bombardier doesn’t come through.  ^ Wansbeek, C.J. (December 2002). "Bordeaux: Fronting the French tramway revolution". Tramways & Urban Transit. Light Rail Transit Association. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-03-28.  ^ " Nice
Nice
Tramway, France". Railway-Technology.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30.  ^ Kuester, Florian (7 February 2017). "Ground-based electric charging – The Alstom
Alstom
SRS". Combined Transport Magazine. Retrieved 26 April 2017.  ^ http://www.alstom.com/press-centre/2017/832228/alstom-awarded-its-first-tramway-contract-in-taiwan/ ^ "Planejamento de Fabricação do Material Rodante" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2013-12-19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-03. Retrieved 2014-08-31.  ^ a b "Memorial Descritivo Geral do Veículo VLT" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2014-05-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-03. Retrieved 2014-08-31.  ^ http://www.otempo.com.br/cidades/tra%C3%A7ado-do-vlt-que-ligar%C3%A1-centro-de-bh-a-confins-%C3%A9-definido-1.929638 ^ CUENCA LIGHT RAIL ^ "Al Safouh tram project consortium selected". Railway Gazette International. 2008-04-29. Archived from the original on November 7, 2009. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  ^ " Alstom
Alstom
and Qatar Rail unveil the design of Lusail
Lusail
Citadis tram". 2016-04-19.  ^ "Fiche technique 302". Retrieved 2013-07-11.  ^ Fiche technique 402 (in French) ^ "Fiche technique Grenoble
Grenoble
2" (in French). Retrieved 2013-07-11.  ^ "World rolling stock market November 2012". Railway Gazette International. 26 November 2012.  ^ Fiche technique 401 (in French) ^ Fiche technique Orléans
Orléans
(in French) ^ "Urban rail news in brief - November 2008". Railway Gazette International. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-28.  ^ a b "Citadis remains popular in Paris". Railway Gazette International. 28 January 2011. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012.  ^ " Alstom
Alstom
will deliver 22 Citadis to the STIF for the line T9 in Ile-de-France". 10 November 2016.  (in French) ^ "World rolling stock market December 2016". Railway Gazette International. 30 December 2016.  ^ " Reims
Reims
tramway sparkles with colour". Alstom. 2007-01-29. Archived from the original on February 21, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-09.  ^ "Reims, sa cathédrale, son tram..." (in French). Admirable Design. 2007-05-14. Archived from the original on 26 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-09.  ^ " Rouen
Rouen
orders trams to increase capacity". Railway Gazette International. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2011-03-28.  ^ Fiche technique Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(in French) ^ " Tours
Tours
selects Citadis and APS". Railway Gazette International. 14 September 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-28.  ^ a b "Airco voor vrijwel alle Rotterdamse trams in 2016" [Air conditioning for almost all trams in Rotterdam
Rotterdam
2016] (in Dutch). Treinreiziger. 2015-07-23. Archived from the original on 2015-12-23. Aan het einde van 2016 hebben naar verwachting alle 113 Citadis-trams airco. Dagelijks wordt de Rotterdamse tram door zo'n 130.000 mensen gebruikt.  ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 2015-07-13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-13. Retrieved 2017-07-25.  ^ "Nottingham tram Phase Two contract signed". Railway Gazette International. 15 December 2011.  ^ a b Fenton, Andrew (7 June 2009). "Six new trams for Adelaide
Adelaide
- ex-Madrid". The Adelaide
Adelaide
Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013.  ^ Castello, Renato (24 May 2009). "European trams to bolster our City-Glenelg fleet". The Adelaide
Adelaide
Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013.  ^ "Here & There" Trolley Wire
Trolley Wire
issue 352 February 2018 page 19 ^ "Low floor trams have arrived!". Yarra Trams. 17 August 2001. Retrieved 27 October 2013.  ^ a b c d e f "C-Class". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 27 October 2013.  ^ " Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Light Rail and Tram Train, France". railway-technology.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013.  ^ a b c d e f "C2-Class". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 27 October 2013.  ^ "Tram Procurement Program". Public Transport Victoria. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.  ^ a b c Alstom
Alstom
to deliver to Sydney
Sydney
Citadis X05, the latest evolution of its tram range Alstom
Alstom
February 2015

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Citadis.

Alstom
Alstom
Transport [dead link] Alstom
Alstom
Citadis Trams[permanent dead link] List of all ordered Citadis (en Français/in French) (read the notes written by visitors at the end of the page, because there are some errors in the table) «Sensolab drives interior experimentation» - design of Citadis tram interiors for Paris, Le Mans, Angers, Railway Gaz

.