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The QIONGZHOU STRAIT (simplified Chinese : 琼州海峡; traditional Chinese : 瓊州海峽; pinyin : Qióngzhōu Hǎixiá; Hainanese
Hainanese
: Khāng-tsiú Hái-kiap), also called the HAINAN STRAIT, is a body of water that separates the Leizhou Peninsula
Leizhou Peninsula
in Guangdong
Guangdong
, southern China
China
, to the north from Hainan
Hainan
Island to its south. The strait connects the Gulf of Tonkin
Gulf of Tonkin
in the west to the South China
China
Sea on the east. Qiongzhou Strait
Strait
with Leizhou Peninsula
Leizhou Peninsula
in background viewed from Haikou City
Haikou City
, Hainan, China.

The strait is on average 30 km (19 mi) wide and centered at 20°09′N 110°16′E / 20.150°N 110.267°E / 20.150; 110.267 with a maximum water depth of approximately 120 m (390 ft). The strait is susceptible to closure during strong typhoon activity.

Whales and dugongs were once common in the strait.

CONTENTS

* 1 Crossings * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links

CROSSINGS

The strait was crossed by the People\'s Liberation Army forces in the spring of 1950 (see Landing Operation on Hainan
Hainan
Island ).

The Guangdong– Hainan
Hainan
Ferry (part of the Guangdong– Hainan
Hainan
Railway ) carries rail cars and automotive vehicles across the strait.

A 140 billion RMB ($21 billion USD
USD
) bridge across the strait is planned to begin construction in 2012. The bridge is currently designed to have levels for both trains and cars, and is expected to be 26.3 km (16.3 mi) long.

This article needs to be UPDATED. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (July 2017)

SEE ALSO

* Haikou
Haikou
, formerly called Qiongzhou

REFERENCES

* ^ A B " China
China
to bridge the Qiongzhou Strait
Strait
at a cost of 140 Billion RMB (我国将在琼州海峡建首座跨海大桥 投资超1400亿)" (in Chinese). Sohu
Sohu
. September 1, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2011. * ^ "The Role of Qiongzhou Strait
Strait
in the Seasonal Variation of the South China
China
Sea Circulation" (PDF). January 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 20, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2011. * ^ "Typhoon Chanthu lands on south China". Enbar.net. July 22, 2010. Retrieved August 14, 2010. * ^ "GD, Hainan
Hainan
planning cross-Qiongzhou straits bridge". December 25, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2011.

FURTHER READING

* Shi et al., The Role of Qiongzhou Strait
Strait
in the Seasonal Variation of the South China
China
Sea Circulation

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Media related to Qiongzhou Strait
Strait
at Wikimedia Commons

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